Compressed Air Engine by Motor Development International, Luxembourg (MDI)
ADVANCED NEW DESIGN – AFFORDABLE – SCALABLE – EFFICIENT – ECOLOGICALLY SOUND
MD Compressed Air Engine
- Simple & Efficient
- Based on the new MDI thermodynamic cycle.
- The primary energy is made outside the engine, and this gives much greater efficiency than the internal combustion engine.
- Overall energy efficiency more than twice that of internal combustion engines and capable of reaching over 70%.
- There is no internal combustion. That alone brings down the noise.
- The engine itself needs very little maintenance at all. Just 1 litre of vegetable oil every 25,000km.
- Efficient, clean external combustion, multi-fuel capable, enables competitive use of biomass fuels.
2 COMPRESSED AIR ENGINES
MDI have created 2 compressed air engines which is the base of Automotive and Energy applications.
The engines can be grouped together (‘banked’) so, by way of example for electricity production, if 8 engines were banked with each engine providing 7 kW of electricity the total electricity provided would be 56 kW.
The engines can be grouped together (‘banked’) so, by way of example for electricity production, if 8 of the larger engines banked together would provide over 500 kW of electricity.
High Efficiency Compressed Air Engine
– Reversible as compressor
3 Modes of operation
– Air only
– Air + external combustion
– Air + external combustion + air compression
Mono Energy – Mode 1 (available on all MDI vehicles)
The pre compressed air in the tanks is transferred to a chamber (called “active”) which provides “work” before being expanded in the cylinders to perform the stroke phase. There are no polluting emissions generated and the use of renewable energy in the air filling stations allows the production of a completely clean energy loop (compression – expansion).
Dual Energy Engine – Mode 2
The engine is the same as the Mode 1 engine, however a burner is added between the compressed air storage tank and the engine. The burner provides a continuous low temperature combustion increasing the volume of the intake air and therefore increases the freedom and independence of the system. The performance of the engine in terms of torque and power remain identical to Mode 1.
This external continuous combustion at a controlled temperature at around 600°C does not produce nitrogen oxides or sulphur dioxides and eliminates any discharge of unburnt hydrocarbons. Although using a fossil fuel, it is never the less a clean engine. Unlike the internal combustion engine, it is totally insensitive to the load (throttle position) and provides unparalleled consumption efficiency.
For example, on an AirPod, only 0.3l/100km (or 6.8g of CO2 per km) are needed to heat up the air coming from the tanks and double the range of the vehicle, and 0.5 l/100 km (or 11.4g of CO2 per km) are used to triple the range, up to nearly 450kms.
The operation in Mode 1 is always possible on the products equipped with dual energy Mode 2 engines. Mode 2 is used on all MDI vehicles.
Dual Energy Engine – Mode 3
Compared to previous modes, the dual-energy engine – Mode 3 has an augmented cylinder for the same purposes. In fact, when the energy source is the fuel for the external combustor, part of the power is used for motor output (as in Modes 1 and 2), and the rest is used to compress the air necessary for operation. Being a real external combustion engine with active chambers, it augments the dual-energy engine Mode 2 in terms of emissions, i.e. no oxides of nitrogen and no unburnt hydrocarbons. It offers extremely low consumption with a range of fuel options .
Fitted on an AirCity, only 2.5 litres of fuel are required to travel 100 kms at 100kms/h (with only 57g of CO2 per Km). The range is no longer linked to the volume of compressed air stored and can reach close to 2,000 kms with a petrol tank equivalent to those of the current cars. Insensitive to the load (throttle position), the consumption obtained, thanks to the dual-energy Mode 3, are less than 1l/100km in urban cycle (for only 22.8g of CO2 per km).
The operations in Mode 1 and Mode 2 are always possible on the products equipped with the dual energy Mode 3. This clean engine will be offered on most of AVL’s vehicles (except the AirPod).